The expressive movement art of eurythmy came into being at the beginning of the twentieth century under the guidance of Rudolf Steiner. Pedagogical eurythmy has been an integral part of the Waldorf School curriculum since its founding in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany. Eurythmy can be a performing art as well as an effective teaching tool for children of all ages. It also has a medical application in therapeutic eurythmy, which addresses specific physiological and developmental issues.
Eurythmy is directly connected to every aspect of the human being, from organic processes to artistic expression. As a movement art, eurythmy can be described as visible speaking and visible singing. It is taught as speech eurythmy and tone eurythmy. The spoken word in verses, poems, stories, and the tones and intervals of music are essential elements of expression. The human being becomes the instrument that speaks and sings through gesture and choreography. The physical body allows for the expression of great beauty, harmony, and feeling..
From nursery through high school, students develop and cultivate skills in social awareness, spatial orientation, coordination, and graceful movement through participation in eurythmy classes. The eurythmy class is harmonizing for the student. Moving together integrates the breathing for each individual and addresses the social dynamic. Imagination and feelings are stimulated and brought to expression through gesture. Thinking always accompanies these two; nothing is done at random in eurythmy, and the whole being of each student is engaged.